Physical Access Tools and Strategies (Tier 2)

The following lists of physical access tools and strategies are important to consider when determining what types of assistive technology need to be trialed or implemented to support your struggling student. These may be readily available in the classroom or accessible through the assistive technology specialist.

Accessibility features built into the computer's operating system
  • Sticky Keys (i.e., the ability of one key to stay depressed so that another key can be pressed at the same time emulating a shift key; useful for students who only have the use of one hand)
  • Key repeat rate (i.e., adjust the key repeat rate so that multiple letters are not printed accidentally)
  • Mouse arrow 
  • Zoom/change text size
  • Mouse speed
  • Screen magnification/contrast
  • Onscreen keyboard  
  • Cursor size
  • Text-to-speech
  • Large, high-contrast keyboards
  • Screen magnification software
  • Portable magnifiers

Other tools
  • Portable word processor (e.g, ChromebookForte)
  • Keyboarding/typing tutor software/online programs
  • Keyboarding software for one-handed typists
  • Standard word processing program
  • Auto correction/auto fill feature
  • Abbreviation/expansion feature
  • Keyboard shortcuts
  • Different keyboard lay-outs
  • Onscreen keyboards
  • Alternative keyboards
  • Keyguard
  • Alternative mouse:  Joystick, Trackball, Touchpad
  • Touch screen

  • Consult PT and OT to determine optimal positioning of student (including table/desk height, trunk/arm/foot support, angle/height of monitor)
  • Utilize accessibility features built into the operating system
  • Have student practice with a keyboarding program